The information provided below should be used as a guideline to minimize playground equipment-related injuries. However, these recommendations, along with technical information from ASTM standards for public playgrounds, are believed to contribute to improved playground safety.
What is a public playground?
Public playgrounds refer to playgrounds intended for use by children from the age of 6 months to 12 years in commercial childcare facilities, institutions, apartment complexes, parks, restaurants, resorts, and schools.
Information in this article:
- General Considerations for Playground Safety
- Playground equipment and surface materials
- How to identify specific playground hazards and prevent them
- Appropriate procedures necessary to maintain the playground and its equipment
There are seven important factors to keep in mind when laying out your playground.
Accessibility: Surface materials should allow children with disabilities to access the equipment.
Age separation: Areas of different age groups should be separated by buffer zones. This zone reduces the chance of injury from colliding with children of varying activity levels.
Age Groups: Different playgrounds are configured for different age groups. Different age groups have different safety requirements. Please pay attention to the age group that will use the playground and buys accordingly.
Conflicting Activities: Playgrounds should be organized into sections to prevent injuries from overlapping activities. Always place swings and merry-go-rounds in the corners, sides, or edges of the playground. Do not place slides in crowded areas.
Line of Sight: Visual barriers should be minimized so parents
Guardians, or supervisors can follow children using the playground. Benches placed outside the structure provide a place for onlookers to sit while watching the children.
Signage and/or Labeling: Signage should be provided to provide guidance to users regarding the proper age of the device and how to properly use the device.
Supervisor: Make sure the supervisor is aware of the basic safety guidelines for the equipment.
There are several important factors to consider when choosing a 안전놀이터 site.
Travel patterns to and from the Safety Playground: Are there any hazards along the way? If so, remove the hazards.
Nearby accessibility hazards (traffic, bodies of water, steep hills, etc.): Can children inadvertently or deliberately encounter nearby hazards? provide. Note that fences or hedges should allow supervision by supervisors.
Sun exposure: Is the heat of the sun enough to heat metal parts
slides, platforms, steps, or surfaces to burn a child? Users are exposed to the sun during the strongest hours of the day? If so, consider placing the bar in shadow. Be warned that the equipment will heat up in direct sunlight. Consider shading the play area with shade structures.
Gradients and Drainage: Will rain wash away loose infill? If so, consider proper drainage to prevent it from being washed away.
Use manufacturer-approved equipment and hardware when setting up the 안전놀이터. Follow the instructions very carefully or hire a playground installer. Remember to keep all documentation from the manufacturer and start detailed records of all inspections and maintenance. Thoroughly inspect the equipment, including the hardware, before using it for the first time.
Do not use creosote-treated wood (sleepers, utility poles, etc.) and paints containing pesticides.
Chromized copper arsenate (CCA) was an older chemical used to treat wood, including wooden playgrounds. Since 2001 this process is no longer safe and it is known that certain materials corrode faster than others.
Do not use bare metal for platforms, slides, or steps. In direct sunlight, the bare metal becomes very hot and can cause contact burns. Use plastic-coated metal, plastic, or wood. Covering the playground with shelter is always the best option. When coating existing bare metal or using plastic-coated metal, consider the following:
Manufacturers must ensure that users cannot ingest, inhale, or absorb potentially dangerous amounts of preservatives as a result of contact.
All paints must meet CPSC (Consumer Product Safety Commission) regulations for lead paints.
Painted surfaces should be maintained regularly to prevent rust and corrosion.
All fasteners, connectors, and covers cannot be removed without tools.
All exposed hardware must be smooth to the user to prevent hazards of laceration, penetration, or entanglement of fabric.
Movable joint hardware must be protected against unintentional or unauthorized loosening.
All hardware must be corrosion-resistant.
Bearings or bushings used in movable joints must be self-lubricating or easy to lubricate.
All S and C hooks must be closed (no gaps or spaces exceeding 0.04 inches of him).
A suitable playground surface is one of the most important factors in reducing injuries that occur when children fall from equipment. The surface underneath the Safety Playground equipment should be soft enough and thick enough to cushion the impact when the child falls. Grass and soil are not recommended surface materials as they can be rapidly exposed to water and natural weathering.
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