Transport and Logistics are two broad fields that are interrelated. With transportation, there is also a need for logistics. The Australian transport and logistics market currently employs some 1.2 million people and contributes to about ten percent of Australia’s Gross Domestic Product. Common jobs in the transport and logistics field include project manager, strategic manager, transport and logistician, and Logistics manager. In turn, transportation and Logistics require interaction with other personnel such as engineers, scientists, managers, and office staff.
There has been an increase in trade and travel between Australia and the Asian subcontinent in recent years. This increased trade and traffic have led to increased traffic congestion in cities in Australia like Sydney and Brisbane. In addition, the increasing volume of people crossing borders due to work or travel commitments has resulted in certain human rights impacts. As more people cross borders to work, it becomes increasingly important to ensure that workers have equal rights. It is important to respect the human rights of the workers as well as to comply with legislation in countries where the workers have moved to, or are staying. According to the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTD), labor laws that protect workers from abuse and exploitation are necessary to promote efficient and well-functioning transport and Logistics systems.
Shipping and Logistics companies are required :
Shipping and Logistics companies are required to take a number of steps to ensure the transportation of goods or materials poses no environmental impact. These measures include ensuring that the loads carried are in accordance with the International Traffic Organization (ITO) rules; the movement of goods through road networks; utilizing trucks that are fitted with suitable gear for the journey; utilizing other transport means such as motor freight to transfer the load to the destination; ensuring the safety of the loads, and adhering to the principles of good shipping practices. There are some instances when the use of motor freight can result in a negative environmental impact, particularly in cases where there is the use of coal.
Ocean freight forwarding is one of the most commonly used methods of transport. Ocean freight is defined as the transportation of goods or raw materials by ocean vessels, instead of land-based transport routes. Ocean freight is the leading mode of transporting goods over long distances at a low cost. It is especially suited for international trade, with almost one-third of all global shipments transported via ocean freight.
The ITO rules specify the movement of goods and materials by air, land, sea, or both. Air transport is the most common international transport system used today. Many people are familiar with air transport for domestic and international trade because of its convenience. However, air transport economics is quite complex and it can result in a number of unexpected outcomes. For example, an increase in the volume of goods or services may only be felt if there are increased levels of traffic congestion in an area.
Impact on the environment of any form of transportation :
Ocean freight has the least environmental impact on the environment of any form of transportation. On the other hand, air transportation can have a number of hidden environmental impacts. Cargo that is transported via air freight delivery can damage the surrounding environment. Cargo that is transported by a ground-based delivery method can have an adverse environmental impact on the surrounding environment if the cargo is transported over a long distance. Cargo can also leak chemicals or other pollutants onto the environment if the container is not properly maintained.
Starting a transport and logistics business that involves shipping will require that you look at all of the different transport options that you can take. You should also familiarize yourself with the regulations of each country that you intend to ship your goods to so that you can comply with this Shipper corner. These regulations can vary greatly and knowing what you can and cannot do when shipping internationally will help you to minimize any problems.